Cleaner Snowmobile Technology Operations
Clean Snowmobiles: Operations
Snowmobiles operate in cold weather. Cold, stable atmospheric conditions combined
with unfavorable topographical features like mountain valleys can "trap"
snowmobile pollution, causing high atmospheric concentrations of snowmobile
pollution in areas with high snowmobile usage.
- Utilize a two-stroke engine.
- Are tuned to run "rich" (with excess fuel), resulting in incomplete
combustion and the emission of carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons.
- Have not been required to and do not utilize any exhaust after treatment
(such as catalysts) to reduce emissions.
Two stroke engines:
- Feature a high power to weight ratio and good cold-start characteristics.
However, they are inherently "dirty" engines.
- Up to 1/3 of the fuel and oil can be emitted, unburned, from a two-stroke
snowmobile engine due to "short-circuiting" of the fuel-air mixture.
- Combustion of traditional two-stroke oils results in visible particulate
Most snowmobile tour operators replace their snowmobile rental fleet annually.
|Technical papers from the Society of
Automotive Engineers' (SAE) have long been a source for keeping current
with advancements in vehicle technology of all forms. SAE publishes about
2,000 papers each year which can be purchased online for a minimal fee (http://www.sae.org/servlets/
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