Pollution Prevention Guides for 
Auto Body Shops - Fact Sheet 2

Starting a Pollution Prevention Program

How do you start preventing pollution in your shop? Pollution prevention begins by understanding what goes on in your shop: the processes that are used, the materials that are purchased, and the waste that is generated. This can be done by designing a Pollution Prevention Program. Basically, a Pollution Prevention Program describes your shop's waste streams, suggested pollution prevention techniques, and implementation strategies and schedules. The basic principles of designing a Pollution Prevention Program are outlined in Figure 1.

1 - Top Management Commitment

Before you begin, you must have a commitment from the shop's owner and manager to prevent pollution and to encourage all employees to participate in the Pollution Prevention Program. A written statement is often the most effective evidence of this commitment.

Once you have guaranteed support from upper management, you have to get all your co-workers committed to preventing pollution. It may help to set up a training program that addresses source reduction, reuse, recycling, hazardous material recognition and handling, and emergency response. And as a way to encourage employee input, cooperation, and support, create an incentive program that rewards co-workers for their input and participation.

2 - Select An Assessment Team

Once you have the commitment from upper management and your co-workers, consider who will investigate the pollution prevention opportunities in your shop. A Pollution Prevention Program can be designed and implemented by a single employee, a team of employees, or an outside consultant. The team approach is highly recommended not only because it is cheaper than hiring a consultant, but because each member brings to the team a unique perspective and knowledge about what goes on in the shop. Your pollution prevention team might include upper management, mechanics, painters, clerical, custodial, and outside personnel (sanitation workers, local recyclers, suppliers, government agencies, etc.).

Next, your team should establish a set of goals for the Pollution Prevention Program. For example, a goal could be to eliminate the use of aerosol containers within a two-year period. Don't forget to periodically review and update these goals.

It is also the job of the pollution prevention team to encourage employee participation and increase awareness of your pollution prevention efforts. Keeping everyone informed can help ease the natural resistance to change.

3 - Identify And Assess Pollution Prevention Opportunities

The next step is to use this guide to help you and your team identify:

  • The types of materials used in your shop
  • The processes that go on
  • The activities that generate waste (remember, waste could be employee's time, air pollution, wastewater, energy loss, and non-hazardous and hazardous waste)
  • The types and amounts of waste generated

Now get together with your team to come up with some ideas on how you can save time and money, create a safer work environment, and minimize waste for each product or process used and waste produced. All pollution prevention ideas should be considered. Often, the simplest or most far-fetched suggestions have the greatest positive impact.

After you have identified some pollution prevention ideas for your shop, the next step is to evaluate them and determine which ones should be considered for implementation. When evaluating your pollution prevention ideas, consider:

  • Economic feasibility
  • Liability and Worker's Compensation
  • Regulatory requirements
  • Technical feasibility of switching to the alternative
  • Reuse and recycling opportunities
  • Disposal options (Pollution Prevention: A Guide to Program Implementation, 1993).

4 - Implement

With your assessment team's pollution prevention ideas evaluated and identified, you can now focus on implementing them. Start by developing an implementation plan that discusses:

  • What pollution prevention ideas will be used
  • The costs associated with these ideas
  • The payback period for each idea
  • When these changes will occur
  • A schedule for evaluating the entire Pollution Prevention Program

When you begin to implement your team's pollution prevention ideas, start with easy, low-cost, people-oriented changes. For example, good housekeeping can be the easiest and often the cheapest way to minimize waste and improve your shop's image with customers and employees. Good housekeeping includes keeping your reception and work areas clean, labeling containers, fixing leaks, and cleaning up spills right away.

You may also find it easier to implement a few pollution prevention ideas at a time, especially if you are working on a tight budget. Keep track of how your pollution prevention plan works, noting what was successful and what was not.

Be sure to notify all your co-workers when implementing pollution prevention ideas. It is very important to keep everyone informed about when you will be making a change, how the changes will affect them, and how your program is progressing. As a way of introducing new techniques or methods to your co-workers, consider holding pollution prevention training sessions.

5 - Evaluate And Modify

After your Pollution Prevention Program has been in place for a period of time, it is a good idea to evaluate its successes and failures. Compare costs before and after you implemented your program. You can consider your program a success if you have, for example, saved money, reduced the amount of waste generated, or reduced on-the-job injuries. If some ideas did not work, get your assessment team together to come up with some solutions (Pollution Prevention: A Guide to Program Implementation, 1993).

As indicated in Figure 1, pollution prevention is a continuous process, therefore you can evaluate and modify your Pollution Prevention Program at any time. If you modify your program, remember to notify your co-workers whenever there is a change that might affect them. It is also a good idea to go back to the beginning of the program process and recommit upper management to the new program and ideas.

As you complete each step in the Pollution Prevention Program planning process, check it off the following list.

Pollution Prevention Program Checklist

Top Management Commitment

Written policy statement supporting pollution prevention activities

    Distribute statement to all employees

Get support from co-workers

Educate co-workers as changes occur

Select An Assessment Team

Develop a committed assessment team

Set goals

Encourage employee participation

Identify and Assess Pollution Prevention Opportunities

Gather background information

    Raw materials purchased        Production processes

    Sources of waste                      Type/amount of waste produced

Review this guide and go through checklists

Identify pollution prevention ideas

Evaluate pollution prevention ideas

    Economic feasibility Technical feasibility

    Liability                                           Regulatory requirements

    Reuse/recycling opportunities     Disposal options

Implement Pollution Prevention Ideas

  Develop an implementation plan:

    List pollution prevention ideas to be implemented


        for implementing ideas  for evaluating program

Increase employee awareness

Educate/train co-workers

Keep records of successful/unsuccessful ideas

Evaluate and Modify Pollution Prevention Program

Evaluate program

Modify program as needed

Rotate assessment team members

Increase co-worker awareness and hold refresher trainings

Publicize success stories

Montana State University Extension Service
Pollution Prevention Program Taylor Hall Bozeman, Montana 59717
(406) 994-3451
funded by
The United States Environmental Protection Agency
(Fact sheet 2 in a series of 18)

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