Section 10 - AIR QUALITY
back to: Table of Contents/Title Page
Several construction and demolition (C&D) activities impact outdoor air quality. Open burning of cleared vegetation or C&D waste can produce smoke, total suspended particulate (TSP) matter, carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrocarbon emissions. Negative human health effects from these emissions have been linked with various heart and respiratory diseases.
See Section 4-Design Considerations for information about indoor air quality (radon, VOCs, carpet installation, formaldehyde, biological contaminants, combustion pollutants, and CFCs). For information about asbestos, see Section 9-Special Wastes.
Construction activities that impact air quality will more than likely require some sort of permit and will be strictly regulated. Of major concern is open burning. Using fire to clear land and dispose of debris is a major source of air pollution. Particularly in populated areas, pollution from outdoor burning threatens public health and the environment.
Always check with your local fire department before you burn. State and local regulations apply to:
Regulations may prohibit open burning of the following materials:
Permitting may be required on multiple levels, make sure you have completed all required applications. Individual fire districts issue fire permits and may prohibit open burning based on local fire safety concerns. Many communities have local laws prohibiting or restricting open burning. Before starting a fire, always check with your local fire department to see if burning is allowed in that community on that particular day.
PARTICULATE EMISSIONS CONTROL
Construction and demolition activities have the potential to cause large amounts of dust. These types of emissions minimized wherever possible, and are probably regulated in your area. These emissions result from:
WOOD HEATING DEVICES
Residential wood heating devices contribute to air pollution and some communities, because of climatological factors and large numbers of wood burning homes, do not meet EPA's National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for PM-10 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 micrometers and less). In response to past PM-10 NAAQS violations, many communities are becoming especially stringent in their wood burning requirements.
The federal Clean Air Act (CAA) of 1990 directs each state to take steps to demonstrate attainment of the PM-10 NAAQS. Always try to install low-emission woodstoves.
Federal regulations require all new woodstoves to meet EPA certification standards. EPA-certified woodstoves (known as Phase II Residential Wood Heaters) and New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)-exempt wood heating appliances are currently the only wood heating devices that can be sold in the United States. Based on specific design criteria, NSPS-exempt appliances are exempt from wood heating emission limits. Contact local authorities for more information about NSPS-exempt appliances.
EPA began certifying woodstoves and fireplace inserts in 1990. EPA distributes a list of over 200 certified woodstoves manufactured in the U.S. Contact EPA for a copy of this list. Installation of woodstoves must follow procedures in Tables 5A-5D in the 1991 edition of the Uniform Mechanical Code. Used, non-certified wood heating devices may be sold for scrap or traded in.
EPA-certified woodstoves and fireplace inserts have a permanent label that includes ratings for smoke emissions and heating efficiency. Rules and regulations for the proper installation of heating devices vary by county. Always contact local authorities to check current policies.
7 - SOLID WASTE
to: Table of Contents/Title Page
Pollution Prevention Program, Taylor Hall, Bozeman, Montana 59717, (406) 994-3451
funded by: The United States Environmental Protection Agency